Do we really know how good are grapes for us?
With its alluring looks, irresistible taste and exceptional nutritional value, the grapes since ancient times are known as the food of the gods.
Grapes are one of the oldest cultivated varieties by mankind.
It is believed that cultivation of this fruit started in prehistoric times, and the exact origin of this plant is still unknown. The cultivation and domestication of the grapevine appears to have occurred between 6000-8000 years ago in a region between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and that cultivated “vinifera” then spread south to the western side of the Jordan Valley, and Egypt by 5,000 y ago. From this area, grape growing and wine making then expanded westward toward Europe and the Mediterranean region. The European grapes were brought to America by the Spanish and the Portuguese. The oldest known winery dates back to around 4000BC with archeological evidence found in Armenia in a cave complex.
It is believed that there are several thousand varieties of grapes in the world. Some are suitable for eating and for making wine, but there are types of grapes that are used or only for food or just for wine. Thanks to modern cold storage and high-speed transit, fresh grapes are always available.
And how much grapes as the food is good for our health – we often forget.
Thanks to its high content of polyphenols (meaning compounds found abundantly in natural plant food sources that have antioxidant properties), as well as potassium, this food reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and regulates blood pressure. Grapes also contain a compound called saponin, which helps reduce the absorption of cholesterol, and calms inflammation, reducing the risk of heart disease. So grapes are definitely good for the heart.
Wine vinegar has great advantages as a spice and seasoning food and is recommended for low blood circulation, fungal infections, skin diseases, digestive problems, and oral cavity.
Numerous studies have shown that red wine – when consumed in moderate amounts – increases the level of HDL (“good” cholesterol) and lowers LDL (“bad”) cholesterol in the blood.
It was found that the grapes have several anti-microbial properties, which are not harmful to beneficial bacteria in the stomach. Tests have shown that the grape extract reduces the growth of over 14 different types of harmful bacteria commonly found in the human intestine and stomach, such as E. coli, Salmonella and Helicobacter pylori (causing stomach ulcers).
Grapes are not only tasty snack, but also a great benefit to the human body. You can consume grapes as fresh fruit, in the form of red wine, grape juice or even as a dried fruit and thus help their body. Juice from pure grape combined with other fruit juices is very useful. Raisins are used since ancient times in the diet, especially for making desserts.
Note: Since the grapes is high on the list of fruits that retains a high level of pesticides, choose organically grown grapes.
Great source of vitamins and minerals
Grapes are valid as a low-calorie food, 3.4oz (100 g) has only 69 calories, which makes it ideal for diet nutrition. There are various types of grapes, different colors and flavors. There are black, purple, green, and pink grapes. Regardless of the type of grape, you can be sure that the berries full of essential vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin B and folic acid. Approximately 3.4oz (100 g) of grapes contains nearly 20-25 percent of the daily requirement for vitamin C.
One of the reasons why the grapes are good for your health and why you should be part of your daily diet is due to the different minerals that your body can get from these fruits. The most important minerals present in grapes are manganese and potassium. These minerals are essential for maintaining good health, reduce the risk of hypertension, and help with depression and low immunity. Other minerals found in grapes are copper, zinc, calcium, phosphorus, iron and selenium.